She is patient, tenacious, optimistic and polite. Things are nicer that way. Plus, it works.
“May I ask you a question?
Anyone who knows Joy Squires has heard these words often, either in the middle of a large group or off to one corner. Most who know her well have at one point or another smiled from a distance, noting the posture as a powerful stakeholder bows a head in response to this opening, Sometimes you can see them shuffling just enough to invoke images of a school child whose conscience has been called upon by a respected teacher. Several times, I have wished Norman Rockwell was there to paint the scene.
Sometimes it’s her question that makes you think. Sometimes it’s the answer she evokes. Sometimes, even from an out-of-earshot distance, you can learn a good bit about a person or an issue simply by observing the body language of a response.
She’s not much more than five feet tall, if that. She has an impressive sense of color that she will tell you she learned as a tool to maintain the attention of school children. No matter how striking or soothing her palette of the day, though, it’s the sparkling blue eyes that really catch one’s attention.
Joy is rarely harsh, even in the most frustrating of situations. She is always polite; a great living example of how one gets more flies with honey than flypaper…flies and all sorts of other things. We recently spent an evening with her discussing endeavors and accomplishments. Four hours later, we’d hardly scratched the surface.
“I’m an optimist,” says Joy, “I don’t have the time or energy to be angry with people who don’t do things. The people I work with -- We do the best we can to make a difference. I think we do make a difference.”
The Huntington Environmental Open Space and Park Fund Advisory Committee (EOSPA)
“Land is worth it,” says Joy, “For your children and for your grandchildren. It makes Huntington a good place to be.”
For over two decades now, Joy has dedicated her life to ensuring that there is quality stewardship of the Town of Huntington’s remaining natural habitat, and its active parklands. She does this as a dedicated volunteer who gives everything she can to serve her cause. The work is done with a keen eye for also serving important community needs within each hamlet. Our discussion started with the EOSPA Committee that Joy has led since it was formed in 1998. Its original mandate was to develop criteria for the “acquisition of ownership, rights in interests in land for active- and passive-parkland and recreational use, and preservation of open space.” These criteria were then overwhelmingly approved by voters, along with $15M to get started, as the Town of Huntington Open Space Bond Act.
The Town Board then charged the EOSPA Committee with advising the Board and making recommendations regarding the use of Open Space Bond Act funds for park and open space acquisition and improvement. Voters were very happy with the results. They subsequently replenished the fund with $30M in 2003 and another $15M in 2008, during the climax of the economic crisis that fueled the Great Recession. At that time, voters also elected to expand the scope of potential projects to include “neighborhood enhancements” and green energy efficiency improvements.
The EOSPA Committee, whose members are appointed by the Town Board, meets monthly. Committee members also make time to personally walk all properties under consideration. To date, the Town Board has been able to acquire more than thirty properties recommended by the EOSPA committee. In addition, there have been some seventy park, neighborhood and green energy improvement projects.
The first EOSPA acquisition was Manor Farm in Greenlawn. Some of these purchases are easier than others. Coral Park, on Broadway in Greenlawn over by the Rainbow Chimes Daycare took over 15 years to acquire. A most recent triumph, the Wawapec preserve in Cold Spring Harbor that was purchased and will be managed in partnership with the North Shore Land Alliance, took ten years.
It's quite a bit of work, done with diligence and great care. Said Joy, "Shortly, we expect to release a public summary of the work that has been done.”
For an example of what Joy means, you can see the summary of accomplishments from 2008:
Sometime after our dinner with Joy, we spent a little bit of time with EOSPA member, Ed Gathman, a local Attorney who has provided deeply appreciated legal services to that committee for some time.
He smiles when he thinks of her, “The meetings can be long, and once or twice a year I have decided that it’s too much. I don’t go. Joy never does this.” He goes on to relay an anecdote about the time a few years ago when a deer leapt in front of Joy’s car, causing it to flip three times, “This woman was at least 75 years old. She checked out of the hospital late that afternoon and then came to the EOSPA meeting. From that moment on, the standards were clear: Unless you are physically bound to your bed, you are expected to make that meeting.”
The Huntington Conservation Board
Joy also heads up the Huntington Conservation Board, which meets twice a month and is essentially involved in guiding the environmental stewardship of the Town. It, too, is comprised of volunteer members appointed by the Town Board. Their duties include review, comment and recommendation to the Town Board, Planning Board, Board of Trustees, and Zoning Board of Appeals with respect to applications for land use changes that have the potential to impact Huntington’s Open Space preservation program. The Conservation Board has a similar review function under Town Marine Conservation Law.
In addition, the Conservation Board is a conduit for scientific research and proposed rules, regulatory actions and other current information that has the potential to affect environmental conservation policy decisions by the Town Board. The Conservation Board also recruits and coordinates Huntington’s Park Stewardship Program.
We spent a long time talking about Huntington’s 125 active and passive parks, and the care that goes into them. “We are responsible for all lands on the Town Open Space Index,” says Joy, “We take our duties very seriously."
New York State Association of Conservation Commissions
Joy’s local endeavors feed directly into her state-wide influence. Joy is the head of the New York State Association of Conservation Commissions. NYSACC is an independent, not-for-profit education organization that was established in 1971 by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. It provides leadership in developing vital environmental programs for cities, towns, and villages throughout New York State. This work brings together millions of people—government officials, environmentalists, students, and citizens— who are committed to preserving, protecting, and enhancing the built and natural environments in New York communities.
Among services, the organization provides step-by-step instructions on how to form a local conservation board. Awards are granted to admirable programs. There is also generally a yearly conference that provides opportunities for people to come together and learn from each other.
The thing that excites Joy the most about NYSACC is the newsletter they produce and their website: http://www.nysaccny.org/ She hopes everyone will take a look as there are great articles about efforts to nurture monarch butterflies, important information about dry cleaning chemicals, and more. You can also access presentations from past conferences.
Challenges Moving Forward
The main thing that EOSPA needs now is funding for Park Improvements. These properties are highly utilized by the community, whether by sports teams, families, nature enthusiasts or others. Keeping them well maintained is important. This costs money.
“The 2% Tax Cap is a real burden. It’s a shame because it hinders this and other good work without solving any of the real problems impacting our budgets.” says Joy, “I hope we overcome this.”
Some other towns who fund their preservation programs are also struggling to achieve new bond referendums. Others utilize different funding systems.
One model Joy points to is how preservation is funded on Long Island’s East End. The Peconic Bay Region Community Preservation Fund (CPF) serves Easthampton, Riverhead, Southold, Southampton and Shelter Island. It is fueled by a 2% real estate transfer tax that is managed by the five towns. The money raised in each Town stays in that Town. It is used exclusively to protect open space, farmland and historic structures, and is seen as a key tool for restoring the Peconic Estuary, and for protecting water quality in the Peconic Bay and other bodies. It is also helping preserve community character and traditional ways of life. A twenty year extension of the CPF will be on East End ballots this November.
We move from these challenges to others. Joy has a lot of experience with a lot of people. She knows very well how difficult it can seem to get anything done.
“It gets so frustrating, Joy,” one of our dinner companions laments, “How can you STAND all of this?”
A twinkle lights her eye. With a serious look, she repeats her mantra, “Patience. Persistence.”
She elaborates, “It pays to be patient. Just because something is not available now, maybe 10 years down the road it will be. Maybe whatever it is will become something better than you’d ever thought.”
Sometimes it’s not a property that comes becomes available, but a project, or a new technology that finally gets implemented. She starts talking about NYSACC again…”We always need more young people to get involved. We really do now, but we always have. Some of these efforts have been quite rewarding.”
There was once an 18 year old boy who came to a NYSACC conference. Joy got him to join. The boy, Peter Rizzo, is now 30 years old. He’s become an Environmental Planner who now also produces the NYSACC newsletter and website.
Then there was Steve Noble. Joy smiles, “I glommed onto him when he was a 16 year old High School student in Kingston.”
While he was still a student, she got him to join the Conservation Commission. He came to all of the conferences, and then went to the College of Forestry at Binghamton.
“He’s 36 and still an ardent supporter." Her eyes glitter, "He’s also now the Mayor of Kingston.”
She has seen them grow. Sometimes she has seen them fall in love and create families. Every one of their triumphs and contributions is something she takes deep satisfaction in.
“We do need more volunteers, though.” Joy says, “We’re not having a conference this year, because we simply don’t have the manpower. However, we are doing something very interesting with the Department of Environmental Conservation…maybe that will lead to something.”
This Land is YOUR Land. This Land is OUR Land. Get Involved!
A collaborator at heart, Joy gets excited when she talks about partnerships. The one with the Land Alliance and others to attain Wawapec Preserve is special. Others are also deeply meaningful. For many years, Laurie Farber has lived at Manor Farm. There, she runs Starflower Experiences, an organization that teaches children and others to better understand, appreciate, and live in greater harmony with the Earth. Another partnership involves Natural Resources Consultant Larry Foglia, who is one of the founders of the LI Community Agriculture Network. He works with others to offer a bi-annual conference at Gateway Park Community Garden in Huntington Station.
Then there’s the project with Julie Sullivan at Carpenter Farm. This Greenlawn property was purchased in 2013. It was once a working farm. Now it’s a passive and educational park that has become a model for invasive species removal.
Joy strongly advocates that people need to be aware of the resources they enjoy in the Town of Huntington. She also wants them to know: “Everyone can ask for something. You are welcome to submit a proposal. You might even get funding and the opportunity to see it through”.
Of course, it’s a lot easier to get a project approved in an existing park, than to found a new one. Land acquisition is not easy. There are strict guidelines and much careful review. Among other criteria, the property needs to meet a specific Town need for active recreation or environmental preservation. You also need a property owner who’s willing to give up the land.
Given that Huntington’s parks are so well-used, Joy is constantly seeking volunteers for the park stewardship program. Park Stewards assist the Town by monitoring the use and condition of Town parkland.
“If you love a place, this is a good way to make sure you visit it from time to time. Our Park Stewards are very important. Everything you need to volunteer is online. You can also request forms from the Town.”
She Points to a Few Key Resources:
Huntington Park Trail Guides: http://www.huntingtonny.gov/Trails-Guide
Park Steward Information: https://huntingtonny.gov/content/13749/13847/16804/16868/16924/default.aspx
Huntington Park Assessment Form: https://huntingtonny.formstack.com/forms/parkassessmentform
The Bottom Line
As the conversation winds down, we know we are stiff and we see her shifting in her chair. Still, it is surprising to see just how late it’s become. It feels like we’ve only gotten started.
A guest remarks, “You are amazing! How can we help?”
“I don’t need any accolades,” Joy replies, “I am happy for the support.”
She offers a brief list for anyone who wants to join her.
We love to be informed. Thank you, Joy. We appreciate you.
Editor's Note -- A correction was make to this piece on October 28th. A public summary of work was initially associated with the Conservation Board. It and the linked example are, in fact, projects of the EOSPA committee.
"I resolved to stop accumulating and begin the infinitely more serious and difficult task of wise distribution."
~ Andrew Carnegie
The efforts of Warren Buffet and Bill Gates to encourage fellow billionaires to make a substantial “Giving Pledge” bring to mind another very fortunate man who saw value in giving: Andrew Carnegie.
PBS offers a detailed timeline of the life of the notorious robber baron and his rise in steel, transportation, communications and other business to become the richest man in the world. It also covers his devotion to philanthropy and human rights. Like Buffet and Gates’ recent pledges, Carnegie wrote himself a letter in 1868. At the time, he was determined to resign from business at age 35 and live on an income of $50,000 per year, devoting the remainder of his money to philanthropic causes and most of his time to education.
Carnegie was not very successful at giving up his interest in the business of the world, but he excelled at giving away his spoils. Wikipedia states that he actively gave away $350,695,653 (approximately $4.3 billion, adjusted to 2005 figures) of his wealth. A final $30,000,000 was bequeathed to foundations, charities and pensioners. All totaled, it represented 90% of the income of the richest man in the world.
How a Self-Made Man Gives Back
Of his many works, the most famous gift might be Carnegie Hall.
”How do you get there? Practice, practice, practice….”
Indeed, Carnegie specifically promoted the type of giving one might hope even Ayn Rand would approve of: Giving to the “industrious and ambitious; not those who need everything done for them, but those who, being most anxious and able to help themselves, deserve and will be benefited by help from others."
Carnegie, himself, is heralded as a quintessential self-made man. However, he never forgot the chance at self-education that he was granted by Colonel James Anderson, who gave young working boys like him a rare opportunity -- access to his library. His philanthropy reflected this, such that there is an entire Wikipedia article dedicated to the Carnegie Library. By 1919, nearly half of the United States’ 3,500 public libraries were financed by Carnegie construction grants.
While Carnegie Hall is reserved for those who have achieved the top of their class, libraries were intended to be available to all. For free. True to his principles, however, the gift was far more about teaching to fish than providing a free lunch, and about gifts that keep on giving so long as the recipient keeps up its end of the bargain.
Communities were always given great responsibility. The above mentioned Wikipedia article is quick to link to post Civil War housewives who formed the women’s clubs that, in turn, worked very hard to found 75-80% of US libraries. Many of these were Carnegie libraries. To receive his donation, Carnegie insisted that communities provide the site and be willing to raise taxes to cover at least 10% of construction costs, maintain operations and provide free service to all. Today, it is still up to communities working hand in hand with generous patrons to foot the bill. Budgets face close public scrutiny. Winning support is critical.
“We try to talk to communities about the value they get out of a library. I don’t think people realize how much libraries provide…every library service is free,” explains Todd Harvey, Partner at Beatty, Harvey, Coco Architects, which completed over 100 library projects in 20 years, “For the [taxpayer] cost of a couple best sellers or once a month blockbuster rentals, you can expand and get better library services. You can expand. It’s a tremendous bargain.”
The Perfect Gift: Information, Innovation and American Dreams
What could be more valuable to those chasing the American Dream? At essence, public libraries granted individuals freedom and access to self-directed education. In fact, a major design innovation that Carnegie spurred was the advent of open stacks. For the first time, people could wander the shelves on their own rather than be at the mercy of a librarian’s selection.
Of course, times have changed and technology has exploded. First, volumes were supplemented with microfilm and photocopiers. Later, space was made for VHS tapes, then DVDs. Now architects design for computer centers, building-wide wireless access, and…people….
“Libraries are much different than they were 10-20 years ago,” explains Harvey, “They used to be for the storage and access of information. Now, they’re places people go to create and exchange information.”
It isn’t all about print seeming somehow passé in a wireless world, though. Libraries are still relied upon heavily for their original primary service. Despite all the technology, library use and circulation is rising. Fast. “We’re not getting rid of books,” says Harvey, “but creating places that are much more.” Now, in a world where the volume of information is increasing exponentially, “Libraries are becoming the source to access that information and a place where you can come to understand it.”
“Libraries are amazing,” says Roger Smith, Principal of BBS Architecture, which worked on the four-branch Smithtown Library system on Long Island, NY, “When you’re shopping, you’re shopping. In a movie theater, you go see a movie. A library is different. You can do many things.”
A Place of Our Own: Evolution by Community Design
Community rooms are now just as important as the book shelves. “They’re not just community rooms,” explains Harvey, “One evening you can hold a concert, lecture or film. The next you use the same room for computer classes or other programs. In the past you’d design a room just for one function. Now we’re designing a room that serves half a dozen.”
“There’s a tremendous demand for community and library programs from a wide range of groups: Cub Scouts, art classes, driver’s ed., seniors,” says Danny Tanzi, Senior Project Architect for H2M Group, which provides integrated architecture and engineering services, “No other public buildings have facilities open to everyone. Schools are limited in their use. Fire houses and others are limited to their membership.”
Libraries have now transcended their prestigious role as repositories to actively filling the void that was once the public square. “Quite honestly, there’s a fundamental social vacuum and libraries are one of the only secular facilities to fill it,” says attorney John Caravella, “There’s really nothing else addressed to all members of the community. Religious institutions can do a good job of offering public education, but that’s not necessarily on their agenda and the broader community might not be so quick to take advantage of it.”
Smith agrees, “The public becomes broader, so much broader. You can look at the bulletin board and see the great things taking place. This is not what libraries were originally intended for. Yes, it was always a community building, but now…” Smith reflects on evolving roles, “Architects typically used to design structures without community input. I mean, you got input, but nothing like today. Now it’s community with a big ‘C’”
Libraries themselves are deeply involved in their own evolution. "I make many presentations and spend a lot of time talking about the 'Human-Centered Library,'” says librarian Helen Crosson, “It's not just books anymore." Crosson worked closely with trustees, locals and Beatty Harvey Coco Architects (then Beatty Harvey and Associates) to spearhead a new building when she was the Director of the Cold Spring Harbor Library in NY. She became immersed in needs assessments, usage demand studies, blueprints and other technical documents you might expect a librarian to find, but not to design, "We spent a lot of time talking about lighting, cooling, heating and doors."
An Opportunity; A Responsibility
New libraries model green design, emphasizing natural lighting and energy efficiency. “They’re the center of the community and they have an opportunity to set an example,” says Harvey, “I don’t know of a library we’re working on that’s not green or LEED certifiable.”
“Architects have an opportunity to do wonderful things and maybe have a responsibility.” says Smith, “I‘d hate to think the community was upset with a library I designed; that it wasn’t theirs. They’re a reflection of the community.”
Carnegie libraries, too, often became focal points for the community, and he encouraged communities to make them their own. Embracing symbolism in design, they were often the most formidable structures in town, featuring stairways representing the rising force of education and lampposts signifying enlightenment. Today’s architecture focuses more on accessibility, but history remains important, “We’re trying to keep within the sense and character of the town; a sense of the vernacular,” notes Smith. For the Smithtown NY Library System, his firm designed the adaptive reuse of the Nesconset Armory. The community broke ground March 22, 2010.
“It’s not necessarily the quantity of space” says Harvey, “We don’t need warehouses for books. It‘s the quality.”
“When I walk inside, do I go to the Museum of Modern Art, The Louvre or the Mall?” asks Smith, “I want someplace I can sit quietly and believe I belong.”…and maybe even wander the stacks for a good book.
A Lasting Legacy
As a whole, the legacies of Carnegie libraries are like well-planted seeds that are good for the ecosystem and continue to bear fruit long after the gardener has gone. They remain an incentive and a focal point for community substance, gifts to be carefully tended, keys to doors leading toward American Dreams.
It’s a lasting gift to community, to freedom, and to a very individual experience. It is a gift that, generations later, still empowers us to take responsibility -- both individually and communally -- to achieve our own greatest potential.
Imagine the possibilities if today’s billionaires were to dig deep, and to carefully sow such seeds of their own? Imagine if we all were to rise to such a cause?
BTW....You don't have to be a billionaire to get involved in the Giving Pledge. Warren Buffet's sister, Dorothy, is seeking volunteers to help her give her brother's money away.